Date: 2001-06-25 18:04:00 UTC
Subject: [Ferret-Health-list] Re: Dr. Williams -second post
Dear Dr. Williams,
Thank you so much for this information. I will definitely be
passing it onto my vet. He was hoping that you or someone on
the list may have an idea of where he could obtain the
information as he has been unsuccessful as of now.
My ferret Mikey, and I are very grateful. Hopefully this may
assist in finding out what is wrong with him.
----- Original Message -----
From: Bruce Williams, DVM
Sent: Monday, June 25, 2001 2:38 PM
--- In Ferret-Health-list@y..., rumtum99@s... wrote:
> Dear Dr. Williams,
> I am sorry that I am writing again as I do not want to be
> When I wrote to see if you would have, or know where to
> measurements for a ferret heart I had just stopped home to
> medicate my other guys we were only part way through the
> Mikey when I wrote. I volunteer at the clinic once a
week, so I
> of get fitted in. My vet had checked on VIM, with a vet at
> Medical Centre among other places. No one seems to know
Echocardiography is an area that is far outside the realm of
specialty. However, the following reference may be of help
Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2000 Sep-Oct;41(5):452-6 Related
M-mode and Doppler echocardiographic findings in normal
sedated with ketamine hydrochloride and midazolam.
Stepien RL, Benson KG, Wenholz LJ.
Department of Medical Sciences, University of Wisconsin
Veterinary Medicine, Madison 53706, USA.
M-mode and Doppler echocardiographic values were obtained
normal adult ferrets (14 neutered females, 13 neutered
intact males) sedated with an intramuscular combination of
hydrochloride and midazolam. Routine M-mode measurements of
and right ventricle, left atrium (LA) and aorta (AO) and
measurements of aortic and pulmonic outflow, and mitral
recorded. The following values were calculated: LA:AO
of peak E: peak A wave velocity (E:A ratio) for mitral
stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (CO) and cardiac index
both pulmonary and aortic outflow tracts. Maximal aortic
(AOmax) and velocity-time integral values (AO VTI) were
less than corresponding pulmonary outflow tract values
VTI) but there was no difference in calculated values for
SV, CO or
CI. Calculated CO values were in the range expected based on
of the species. Difficulties in aligning the aortic outflow
Doppler imaging may make pulmonary outflow Doppler values
consistent for use in estimating volume flow in ferrets.
I would submit that the calculated values in this paper
would be what
you are looking for.
A vet who does a fair amount of ultrasound in ferrets in the
Washington D.C. area would be Dr. Jean Wardell, Austin Vet
7323 Little River Turnpike,Annandale, VA, 22003,
she may be of help in this pursuit.
With kindest regards,
Bruce Williams, DVM
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